This collection of antiquities is one of the most important in Germany and offers a diverse picture of ancient nations and cultures around the Mediterranean Sea, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Etruria, Rome and Byzantium, starting from circa 3000 BCE.
The Classical Antiquity II exhibition presents long-vanished advanced civilizations from two millennia, from Hellenism to the late Antiquity and Byzantium. The section on western Greek civilization shows the foundation of colonial towns in Sicily and lower Italy. The Etruscans and their neighbours are presented with information on their fertile lands, mineral resources and the influence of the Oriental and Greek cultures from the 8th century BCE.
The Roman Empire is represented in its development from a city-state to the Roman Republic and finally to the Roman Empire and the three centuries of peace. This lasting peace formed the basis for the cultural development of a world power. The late Antiquity and Byzantium section documents the rescue of an empire, the new “Rome” in the east and the emergence of a new religion.