The royal and middle classes' acquisition of art in the 16th century was motivated by a passion for collecting, an interest in science and the etiquette of the court. The contents of these chambers of curiosities mirrored the understanding of the world that was common during this time period. Museums in their present form grew out of these types of chambers when collections were divided during the 18th century.
The royal house of Baden also compiled a noteworthy chamber of curiosities. Their seemingly unsystematic collection is explained by a passion for collecting and a desire to reflect the world in miniature. Their collection included:
- Naturalia – e.g. minerals, fossils, shells and corals
- Artificalia – Naturalia that were artistically enhanced or placed in precious settings, or human creations of fine craftsmanship,
Scientifica – evidence of scientific or technological achievement, for example, timepieces, mechanical devices or musical instruments